Tło Lublin region

Polesie National Park

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It was created on May 1, 1990 in the Polish part of Polesie by the Polish botanist, Professor Władysław Szafer. Its area includes numerous karst lakes, peat bogs, swamps, ponds and natural forest complexes (Łęczyńsko-Włodawska Plain). You can also admire the tundra or lasotundra. The area of ​​the park is over 9764 ha. Flora is very rich and varied here. You can come across about 1,000 species of vascular plants (of which 170 are rare, 81 protected, and another 15 are in the Polish Red Book of Plants). The most abundant here are low birch, Lapland and bilberry willow, swamp and string sedge, long-leaved sundew and royal nit. Rotundia and pennywort are rare plant species that can also be found here. 30 plant complexes present forest and shrub complexes, while the remaining 178 complexes are non-forest formations. The park is famous for peat communities (low, transitional and high) and forests (birches, marsh birch woods, pine forests and alders). The animal world also has many representatives here. There are about 290 species here, many of which are considered protected. The water world is inhabited by 21 species of fish, of which 4 are protected (species of rose, goat, piskorz, mud swamp). In the park you can come across a representative of amphibians, including brown and green frog, stripe toad, common spadefoot, common and crested newt. Reptiles represent mud turtles (one of the most endangered species of reptiles in Poland), zig-zag vipers, smooth snakes, grass snakes and lizards (sandworm, venipodium, blindworm). Bird lovers can feel very comfortable here, because the Poleski National Park is one of the richest ornithologically areas of Poland. There are about 200 species here, of which 150 are breeding species. You can meet here, among others heron and white heron, bittern, harrier, corncrake, great-brood, golden-tailed duck, white-tailed eagle, crane, eagle owl and black grouse. The most numerous group of mammals in the park are rodents (18 species). There are beavers, voles, muskrats, amphibians, eastern hedgehogs, moles, and shrews. In swamp forests, you can come across the river banks, roe deer, deer, wild boars and elks, while the world of predators is represented by weasels, stoats, cowards, domestic and forest martens and otters. To enable tourists and visitors to get in touch with nature as close as possible, nature paths have been created.


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